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andorinha dáurica. cecropis daurica. red rumped swallow.


RED-RUMPED SWALLOW
Cecropis daurica

Description

A bird similar to the Barn Swallow, but is distinguished by the characteristic pale reddish rump and by the absence of the red throat, the dark band on the breast and the white markings on the tail feathers. The tail, like the Barn Swallow, is strongly forked and the dark bill is short and thin. The dark upperparts with blue highlights contrast with the rufous rump and nape. The golden underparts are slightly striped and stand out from the dark tail feathers. Juveniles can be distinguished from adults by their fainter colours and shorter outermost tail feathers. This species has no sexual dimorphism.​

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Subspecies

There are eight subspecies of Red-rumped Swallow, with the subspecies Cecropis daurica rufula occurring in Portugal.

Scientific Name Transcription

'Cecropis' is a Greek word and refers to an 'Athenian woman called Kekropis', while 'daurica' is a demonym referring to the 'Dauria region located in Siberia' on the border between Russia and Mongolia.

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32 to 34 cm

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19 to 22 g

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5 YEARS

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FEB | OCT

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2 CLUTCHES

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3 to 5 EGGS

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Distribution and Ecology

Summer species in southern Europe, northern Africa and temperate regions of Asia; wintering species in southern Asia, northern Australia and northern East Africa; and resident species in the tropical regions of Africa, the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia. In Portugal, it can be seen between February and October in most of the territory, being more common south of the Tagus River and more numerous in the interior half of the country. This swallow has a preference for sparsely humanized areas, preferring river valleys, steep areas and thinly forested creeks.

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Conservation

The Red-rumped Swallow maintain the status of Last Concern (LC), both in Portugal and internationally. The lack of quantitative data does not make it possible to determine with certainty the population trends of this and other species. 

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andorinha das chaminés. barn swallow. hirundo rustica
andorinha dáurica. cecropis daurica. red rumped swallow.
andorinha dos beirais. house marton. delichon urbicum
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